Week 4 – 1st Quarter Daily Lesson Log DLL | June 25 – 29, 2018

New and Updated Week 4 – 1st Quarter Daily Lesson Log DLL has been uploaded.  All DLL are accessible thru Google Drive, the best and fastest way in sharing files.

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These daily lesson log were made in compliance with the Department of Education format.

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>> The K to 12 Program

The Philippine educational system is patterned after the American model, which includes seven years of elementary school. In an attempt to control the costs due to a rapid increase in school enrollment during that time, the Education Act of 1940 did away with Grade 7. It was intended to be a temporary measure. However, to this date, the six-year elementary school cycle remains in effect (International Qualifications Assessment Service, 2007).

week 4 daily lesson logNumerous studies have proposed restoring Grade 7 or adding an extra school year to the basic education cycle. The UNESCO Mission Survey of 1949, the Education Act of 1953 and the Swanson Survey of 1960 all recommended the restoration of Grade 7. In 1970, the Presidential Commission to Survey Philippine Education called for the implementation of an 11-year program while the Congressional Commission on Education in 1991 proposed to have either seven years of elementary education or five years of secondary education. A study by the Presidential Commission on Education Reforms in 2000 proposed the establishing of a one-year pre-baccalaureate system while the Presidential Task Force on Education in 2008 had discussions on a 12-year pre-university program (DepEd Discussion Paper, 2010).

The recommendations, however, were not heeded and as such, the Philippines now has the shortest basic education cycle in Asia. The country joins Djibouti and Angola of Africa, as the only three remaining countries with a 10-year pre-university education system. Other countries even have 13- or 14-year cycles.

In 2004, in another attempt to extend the basic education cycle, the High School Bridge Program, a one year remedial program for under-performing first-year high school students, was proposed.5 However, it met strong opposition from students who will have to stay longer in school and their parents who will have to shoulder the extra expenses of another school year.

Bowing to public pressure, the DepEd offered it then as an optional program.

K to 12 program is the latest effort of the government to elevate the educational system to the global 12-year standard. K to 12 means one year of kindergarten and 12 years of elementary and secondary education.


Why is K to 12 needed?

  1. To decongest the curriculum. According to the DepEd, while the K to 12 is not the solution to all the ills of the Philippine educational system, it will address one of its main weaknesses—the congested curriculum.
    • The DepEd explained that the students are hard-pressed to learn in 10 years a curriculum that is actually designed for 12 years in other countries. Hence, Filipino students are not able to achieve comprehension and mastery, particularly of core subjects.
    • The DepEd claimed that with K to 12, students will not have to rush through the lessons anymore. It will also do away with unnecessary topics in the curriculum so that students will develop competencies and acquire life skills that will make them productive members of the society
  2. To prepare the students for higher education. From the DepEd’s assessment, secondary graduates of the current system are not adequately prepared for college.
  3. To prepare the students for the labor market. According to the DepEd, with the 10-year basic education cycle, students usually graduate from high school below 18 years old, too young to legally join the labor force or put up a business that will entail them to enter into contracts. In addition, because they have not mastered the necessary competencies, graduates of the current system often lack skills and hence, are vulnerable to exploitative labor practices. The DepEd claimed that K to 12 will empower them to confidently join the labor market as by the time they graduate they are already of legal age and equipped with sufficient skills.
  4. To comply with the global standards. At present, graduates who wish to work abroad are at a disadvantage because they are not automatically recognized as professionals while students who apply for postgraduate studies often have to enroll in or take remedial courses to meet the entrance requirements of the foreign country.


To Download DLL’s, just navigate through the following links.


Week 4 – 1st Quarter Daily Lesson Log DLL | June 25 – 29, 2018



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